About the Community We Serve
Shenandoah County was formed in 1772 from Frederick County, and was originally named Dunmore County in honor of  Royal Governor Dunmore. In 1778, during the Revolutionary War, the name was changed to Shenandoah after the Shenandoah River, an Indian name commonly thought to mean "Daughter of the Stars."

Located in the northwestern portion of Virginia, between the Allegheny and Massanutten Mountains, Shenandoah County is in the heart of the Shenandoah Valley. Elevations range from 3,500 feet above sea level in the mountains to 1,200 feet on the valley floor. Within 513-square-miles, there are six incorporated towns: Strasburg, Toms Brook, Woodstock, Edinburg, Mt. Jackson, and New Market, and one unincorporated town, Maurertown. Each has a distinct historic character. We are served by ten schools, a county library system with a main library and five community libraries and one independent town library, Shenandoah Memorial Hospital, and a variety of smaller health care and assisted living facilities.

Agriculture is the county’s principal industry, making it one of the top five agricultural counties in Virginia, with poultry, livestock, dairy, and fruit the main sources of farm income. County tourism boasts some of Virginia’s most popular attractions: the New Market Battlefield State Historical Park and Hall of Valor Museum, Shenandoah Caverns, vineyards, golf resorts and a ski resort.  Shenandoah County is one of eight counties that comprise the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District, one of the nation's congressionally-designated National Heritage Areas.

In 2010, the population of Shenandoah County was 41,993. Our median household income is $39,173, according to the 2000 Census. Seventy-five percent of our population graduated from high school and 14.7 percent from college. Twenty-two percent of our households are managed by single mothers. Two-thirds of our housing is owner-occupied. Housing remains affordable to most, though this is changing. Currently, just ten percent of households in the county pay more than 30 percent of their household income for monthly housing costs. Two percent, or 290 houses, in the county lack complete plumbing.

Shenandoah County enjoys abundant natural resources, including prime agricultural soils, productive forests, wildlife, and generally clean air. The gently rolling valley terrain is well drained by the Shenandoah River, which is a significant element of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. However, we are the driest county in Virginia, receiving on average a much lower percentage of rainfall than other counties in the Shenandoah Valley. Additionally, our karst topography makes us highly susceptible to ground water pollution. The impacts of poorly planned land use on water quality in the Shenandoah River and its tributaries and on our aquifers and wells is a major concern.

For additional information and documents about Shenandoah County
Link for more information about the towns in Shenandoah County